Global Medtracker


Glossary






Ablation

The removal, especially of organs, abnormal growths, or harmful substances, from the body by mechanical means, as by surgery.


ACL

Anterior cruciate ligament in leg.


Angiography

A method of obtaining an X-ray of blood vessels by injecting into them a substance, such as one containing iodine, that shows up as opaque on an X-ray picture


Angioplasty

The repair of a blood vessel, as by inserting a balloon-tipped catheter to unclog it or by replacing part of the vessel with either a piece of the patient's own tissue or a prosthetic device.


Arthroscopy

A tubular instrument that is inserted into the capsule of a joint to examine the joint, extract tissue, etc.


ART Procedures

Assisted reproductive technology, or ART, is a group of procedures that helps couples with impaired fertility try to conceive.


Ayurveda

Ayurveda, "the complete knowledge for long life"; or ayurvedic medicine is a system of traditional medicine native to India and a form of alternative medicine. In Sanskrit, words ayur, meaning "longevity", and veda, meaning "related to knowledge" or "science". Ayurvedic practitioners developed a number of medicinal preparations and surgical procedures for the treatment of various ailments.


Bariatrics

A branch of medicine that deals with the control and treatment of obesity and allied diseases.


Bioplasty

A non-invasive technique for cosmetic/plastic surgery.


BMI

Body Mass index, an index for assessing overweight and underweight, obtained by dividing body weight in kilograms by height in meters squared: a measure of 25 or more is considered overweight.


Botox

A preparation of botulinum toxin used to treat muscle spasm and to remove wrinkles.


Carpel Tunnel Syndrome

Pressure on the median nerve -- the nerve in the wrist that supplies feeling and movement to parts of the hand. It can lead to numbness, tingling, weakness, or muscle damage.


Cataracts

An abnormality of the eye, characterized by opacity of the lens.


Catheter Ablation

Ablate means "to destroy." Catheter or cardiac ablation is a procedure that is used to destroy areas in your heart that may be causing your heart rhythm problems.


Catheter

A long slender flexible tube for inserting into a natural bodily cavity or passage for introducing or withdrawing fluid, such as urine or blood.


CAT Scan

A sectional view of the body constructed by computed tomography called also CT scan.


Cholecystectomy

Removal of the gallbladder.


Cochlear Implant

A device that stimulates the acoustic nerve in the inner ear in order to produce some form of hearing in people who are deaf from inner ear disease.


Colonoscopy

An internal examination of the colon (large intestine) and rectum, using an instrument called a colonoscope.


Colposcopy

An procedure for examining the uterine cervix, esp for early signs of cancer.


CRP

C-reactive protein; a chemical in the blood that can be measured to indicate inflammation in the body and a person's risk of suffering a heart attack.


Cryotherapy

Treatment by means of applications of cold.


Cyberknife

The CyberKnife Robotic Radiosurgery System is a non-invasive alternative to surgery for the treatment of both cancerous and non-cancerous tumors.


Cystoscopy

A procedure using a slender tubular medical instrument for examining the interior of the urethra and urinary bladder.


Dermabrasion

The removal of scars or blemishes on the skin by "abrading", or rubbing and scraping.


Dialysis

In kidney disease, the process by which uric acid and urea are removed from circulating blood by means of a dialyzer.


ECG

Electrocardiogram, elctronic heart imaging.


Echocardiography

A procedure employing reflected ultrasonic waves to examine the structures and functioning of the heart.


Electrophysiology

The branch of physiology dealing with the electric phenomena associated with the body and its functions.


Endocrinology

The branch of biology dealing with the endocrine glands, such as adrenal, pituitary, and thyroid, and their secretions, especially in relation to their processes or functions.


Endodontics

The branch of dentistry concerned with diseases of the dental pulp.


Endoscopy

A procedure using a long slender medical instrument for examining the interior of hollow organs including the lung, stomach, bladder, and bowel.


ENT

Ear, nose, and throat.


ERG

Electroretinography (ERG) is an eye test used to detect abnormal function of the retina.


Gastric Band

The adjustable band fitted inside the stomach to reduce its capacity as an aid to losing weight.


Gastric Sleeve

Surgical technique used to induce weight loss.


Glaucoma

Condition marked by abnormally high fluid pressure in the eye.


Grommet Insertion

Grommets are tube-like devices made from Teflon, which are surgically inserted into the eardrum to allow for the drainage of fluid or pus.


Hepatology

The branch of medicine concerned with the liver and its diseases .


Hip Resurfacing

Hip resurfacing is a procedure to keep the hip bones from rubbing against each other, which may cause stiffness and pain.


Holistic

Identifying with principles of holism in a system of therapeutics, especially one considered outside the mainstream of scientific medicine, as naturopathy or chiropractic, and usually involving nutritional measures.


Homeopathy

The method of treating disease by drugs, given in minute doses, that would produce in a healthy person symptoms similar to those of the disease.


Hysterectomy

Surgical removal of the uterus.


Ileostomy

The construction of an artificial opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall, permitting drainage of the contents of the small intestine.


IVC

Intravaginal culture.


IVF

In vitro fertilization.


Keratectomy

Excision of a portion of the cornea.


Kinesio Taping

Taping technique for sports injuries.



Kyphoplasty

A medical procedure that is similar to vertebroplasty in the use of acrylic cement to stabilize and reduce pain associated with a vertebral compression fracture but that additionally restores vertebral height and lessens spinal deformity by injecting the cement into a cavity created in the fractured bone by the insertion and inflation of a special balloon.


Laminectomy

The surgical removal of part of the posterior arch of a vertebra to provide access to the spinal canal, as for the excision of a ruptured disk.


Lap Band

Another name for gastric band.


Lasik Eye Surgery

Lasik is eye surgery that permanently changes the shape of the cornea (the clear covering on the front of the eye) in order to improve vision and reduce a person's dependency on glasses or contact lenses.


Liberation Treatment

Experiemental treatment for multiple sclerosis involving rerouting the blood flow from the brain.


Lipoplasty

See liposuction.


Liposuction

Liposuction is the removal of excess body fat by suction using special surgical equipment.


Lumbar

Of, near, or relating to the part of the body between the lowest ribs and the hipbones.


Mammogram

The technique of using X-rays to examine the breast in the early detection of cancer.


MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging: a noninvasive diagnostic procedure employing an MR scanner to obtain detailed sectional images of the internal structure of the body.


Myogram

A graphic representation of the phenomena (as velocity and intensity) of muscular contractions.


Nephrology

The branch of medical science that deals with the kidney.


Nuclear Medicine

A diagnostic and therapeutic medical technique using radionuclides and radioisotopes.


Oncology

A branch of medical science dealing with tumors, including the origin, development, diagnosis, and treatment. of malignant neoplasms.


Orthodontics

The branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention and correction of irregular teeth, as by means of braces. .


Orthopedics

The medical specialty concerned with correction of deformities or functional impairments of the skeletal system.


Osteogenesis

The formation of bone.


Otorhinolaryngology

The medical specialty concerned with diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.


Pap Test

A test for cancer of the cervix,


Pathology

The science or the study of the origin, nature, and course of diseases.


Phlebology

The study of the anatomy, physiology, and diseases of veins.


Podiatry

The care of the human foot, especially the diagnosis and treatment of foot disorders.


Prostatectomy

Surgical removal of all or a part of the prostate gland.


Racheocentesis

Puncture into the arachnoid membrane of the spinal cord, in the lumbar region, and withdrawal of spinal fluid.


Reconstructive Surgery

The restoration of appearance and function following injury or disease or the correction of congenital defects, using the techniques of plastic surgery.


Refractive Surgery

An outpatient procedure that corrects vision problems such as nearsightedness and farsightedness.


Restorative Dentistry

The branch of dentistry that deals with the restoration of diseased, injured, or abnormal teeth to normal function,


Septoplasty

Surgical repair of the nasal septum .


Shiatsu

A Japanese massage technique that includes the use of acupressure.


Sigmoidoscopy

A procedure using an instrument incorporating a light for the direct observation of the colon, rectum, and sigmoid flexure.


Spider Veins

One of a radiating network of dilated capillaries on the skin.


Spinal Stenosis

Narrowing of the lumbar spinal column that produces pressure on the nerve roots.


Stem Cell

Cell that upon division replaces its own numbers and also gives rise to cells that differentiate further into one or more specialized types, as various B cells and T cells.


Stomatology

The science dealing with the mouth and its diseases.


Tubal Ligation

Method of permanent sterilization for women, involving the surgical sealing of the fallopian tubes to prevent the ovum from passing from the ovary to the uterus.


Ultra Sound

The application of ultrasonic waves to therapy or diagnostics, as in deep-heat treatment of a joint or imaging of internal structures. .


Vaginal Prolapse

Vaginal prolapse is characterized by a portion of the vaginal canal protruding from the opening of the vagina. The condition usually occurs when the pelvic floor collapses as a result of childbirth.





















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